What is “Meteoroscape” ?


岐路_01

岐路_01


 

2.風景写真には2通りある。

 

メテオロスケープってなんだ?と思った方、風景写真を実際に撮っていきたいという方、こんにちは。ついでに風景写真の撮りかたを調べようと思ったら、なにか変なところへ迷い込んだヤバいぞと思った方、ここで間違いないのでご安心ください。

なぜなら、どんな種類のなにを撮ろうとしているかの理解こそが、「撮りかた」に直結するからなんです!

 

さて前回の写真には3通りあるという話で、写真を大雑把に3つに分類しました。人、物、風景です。そこでさらに、風景写真にグっと注目してご覧ください。…どうでしょうか、風景写真は2通りに分かれていることが、わかりますでしょうか?…え?見えない?

風景に分類なんかあるわけがない!というご意見、ごもっともです。かくいう僕もそう思っていました。ところが、こと風景を切りとる「風景写真」に限れば、大きく2通りに分かれています。用途も違うことが多い。

 

まずひとつは、その土地の表層をできるだけ精細に、写実的に伝える風景写真。
もうひとつが、その土地の様相を浮かびあがらせるため、抽象的に描く風景写真。です。

 

前者はランドスケープ・フォトグラフィー、いわゆる「風景写真」と呼ばれています。それに対して後者は?いまだ不明瞭な領域。出来損ないの嘘っぽい風景写真とか、アート写真?とか言われたりします。そこで便宜上、ここでは『メテオロスケープ』・フォトグラフィーと呼ぶことにしました。ちなみにMeteorosとは、「天と地のあいだに於けるあらゆる現象」という意味のギリシャ語。寺田寅彦という明治の俳人による翻訳です。俳句との関連性から、引っ張りだしてきました。

 

両者の違いを例であげるなら、被写体に「自由の女神」だとか「ビッグベン」だとか「富士山」だとかのランドマークを選ぶと、ランドスケープ。対してその周辺の現象、鷹が飛んでいたり茄子がなっていたりする様子を切りとった場合は、『メテオロスケープ』です。

ランドマークになるようなモノは、その土地の固有物として長い年月が経過しています。するとそれを被写体として撮ることが、その写真に地名を書くことと、ほぼ同義になるんですね。だから具体的なように感じますし、見せ方もクッキリハッキリになっていきます。

逆にそこを外した時は、その写真がいったいどこなのか、キャプションがない限り分かりません。どこか抽象的な印象を受けますし、雰囲気重視でボケを多用したりします。

 

…話を戻しますね。

風景写真を実際に撮っていきたい方、なにを撮りたいですか?写実的なランドスケープでしょうか?それとも抽象的なメテオロスケープでしょうか?今のあなたのお気持ちは、ドッチ!?

 

参考リンク:ネイチャーフォトと風景写真の違いとは?

 


 

2. There are 2 types of Scenery Photography.

 

Hi, to the people who wondered, “What is Meteoroscape?” Howdy, to the people who are wondering in here on the halfway through to research on “How to take Great Landscape”, having a bad feeling about this site. Please make yourself at home! We stand beside you.

Because, you see? If you truly get the sense of what sort of photographs you are taking, you’ll already knew the HOW-TOs all!

 

Well, At the previous chapter, we’ve categorized photographs into 3 sorts. These are, Character, Product, and Scenery. Then, look at the Scenery more carefully…you can see Scenery Photography is separated into 2 types, can’t you? (whispers)…well, Not really?

“Categories in Landscape? Ridiculous!” – It’s no wonder you scream like this, since we’d had the same view as well. However, come to think of the word, Scenery, you’d notice there are 2 types of it. In addition, the usage of these tends to be different from each others.

 

One of which is the photography that shows any bits of surface informations as real as possible.
The other is what suggests abstract meanings of the scene which can be depicted as blurred images.

 

The former is called as Landscape Photography. And the latter is called as Landscape Photography, either… Well? Historically speaking, though, it is said that the former is the ‘straight’er and better than the others. the latter is recognized as an “Art?” or absolutely ignored in the worse case. So, as a matter of convenience, we shall call it “Meteoroscape Photography” here. It’s a privilege for the inventor, isn’t it? :)

By the way, “Meteoros” is a word in Greeks, means “the every possible phenomenons between Heaven and the Earth”. Torahiko Terada, who was a Haiku poet, introduced the word to Japan 100 years ago. We’d like to name it after that, since the taste of the Meteoroscape Photography exists there close to Haiku. The word represents not only Western but Eastern cultures.

 

Then, how to separate them? For example, if you choose the ‘Statue of Liberty’, ‘Big Ben’, or ‘Fujiyama’ for your object, you are shooting Landscape Photography. In stead, if you take ‘Joy of freedom’, ‘Glorious daylight’, or ‘Solemn wind’ images happened to be appeared around them, you are making Meteoroscape Photography.

The reason is that the landmarks like these have spent such ages that taking photographs of them equals to writing names of the cities on it. So, we feel them actual and practical. These photographs need that reality so much. On the contrary, you could focus on nothing in particular. Photographs of these do not show where on earth, otherwise captioned to it. We feel puzzled when we see those photographs, since some informations are omitted by photographers.

 

…Back to the first topic again.

What sort of Scenery Photography are you majoring in? realistic Landscape Photography? or abstract Meteoroscape Photography? To which photographs do you prefer?

 


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