How to photograph Landscapes, or Not.


たまゆら

たまゆら


 

1.写真には3通りある。

 

風景写真を撮りたくて初めて一眼レフを買ったという方、最近なにを撮ったらいいか分からなくなってきたという方、こんにちは。もう『風景写真の撮りかた』検索はされましたか?

いまどきパソコンやケータイで検索すれば、優秀なプロのテクニックを調べられますよね。カメラやレンズ機材、設定方法から構図の取りかた、果ては光の当てかたに至るまでがまとまったウェブサイト、そして書籍群。とても役立ちますし、かくいう僕もよくお世話になります。ありがとうございます。

ただ、確かにそういったテクニックレシピ、その通りにすればキレイな写真も撮れるし、知らなければ勉強不足となじられるかも知れません。ですが、ここはいったん落ち着きましょう。なにごとも始めが肝心。

実はその技術なにがしは、撮りかたのイロハでいえばロなんです。はじめの二歩めです。その前段階として、なにを撮るかという問題があるのです。…そんなことは知ってる?ま、そういわずちょっと見ていってくださいって。損はさせませんよ!

というわけで、ここではそんな当たり前すぎて省みられることがあまりない、「風景」って一体なにを撮るのか?という話をしたいと思います。

 

そもそも、写真は被写体によって3通りに分けられるんです。

1つは人物や動物を写して、その表情や性格を観る「人物写真」。
2つめは主に静物の良さを引きだして、その魅力を伝える「商品写真」。
そして3つめが、人や物の背景を含めたより大きな範囲を遠方から切りとる「風景写真」。

そんな話初めて聞きました?…ですよね!

普通は雑誌の「エディトリアルフォト」、スポーツ新聞の「スポーツ写真」、網棚の「広告写真」、アラーキーな「アート写真」、結婚式場の「ウェディングフォト」、家族の記録「集合写真」、芸能アイドルの「宣材写真」、ジャーナリストの「報道写真」、膨大な量を誇る「カタログ写真」などなどといった、その写真をどういった用途で使うかで分類することの方が多いと思います。

ではなぜ、被写体によって分類したいのか?

 

それは被写体だけが、フォトグラファー自身で選びとれることだから、です。

 

写真を撮るとなったとき、なにより先に周囲からの要請である用途を決めてしまってから、その範囲内で自分の好きな被写体を選んだり、その用途に適しているけれども、自分の好きではない被写体を選んでいくとどうでしょうか?

徐々に、なにを撮ったらいいか分からなくなってくるんですよね。(実体験)

そんなわけで、「写真の撮りかた」を検索する時は、まず最初に自分がなにを撮りたいのか強く意識しておくというのが、たいへん重要なことなのです。

 

続いては、いよいよ風景写真の撮りかたを説明します!写真の撮りかたに正解なんてあるんでしょうか?

 

参考リンク:ネイチャーフォトと風景写真の違いとは?

 


 

1. There are 3 sorts of photography.

 

Hello, to the people who just bought a 35mm digital reflex for the first time ever in life. Hi ya, to the people who are finding it hard to decide what to shoot these days. I’m happy to see you. Have you all searched through web sites yet, with phrases like “How to take Great Landscape photographs”?

Digital-era nowadays, you can spot them easily, excellent techniques invented by super professionals, can’t you? From “What cameras and lenses to choose”, to setting, composition, and “How to hit lights”. Amazon books, Google websites… OK, hands up! I who says am under the care well, too. Thank you very much.

But even while you could shoot beautiful Landscapes thanks to those excellent technique recipes, should you hold on before reading up this reference, I recommend. Because good beginning makes good end, right?

To tell the truth, techniques are not for the beginners. They are there, 2 steps away from you. Before that, you need to decide what kind of photographs to take… Well assured, already? Hey, hey! Don’t push it so hard. Calm down. Trust me! I’m not going to say such useless words.

So this is “How to take Landscape photography, or Not.” Please tag along!

 

First thing first. Photography can be divided into 3 sorts by its objects.

“Character Photography” is the one, which portrays peoples and animals. You can see their expressions.
“Product Photography” comes to the next, which amaze you about things; mostly still lives exaggerated.
And the third is “Scenery Photography”, which depicts all of them from far away with some backgrounds added.

Never heard of it? Maybe!

It is accustomed that photography is classified by its uses like Editorial for magazines, Sports for newspapers, Commercial for advertising, Art for museums, Snap for gossips, Wedding for ancient albums, Family for smoky mantlepieces, etc ;)

So, why such strange allocation, object-divided, is needed?

 

The reason is, objects only can be chosen by photographers themselves.

 

Of course, you do your best to contact upon people suggesting usage of your photographs. But it’s not true that photographs for nothing is nothing. They are just photographs divided into 3 sorts by its objects. On top of that, what’s going to happen if you select your objects you do not like so much, which have strong demand from market?

Gradually, you feel lost and find it hard to decide what to shoot. (So do I!)

Thus, this strange-looking allocation is essential and before you search through “How to take Great pictures”, you should revise it again on what kind of photographs you are going to take. Got it?

 

Next chapter really gives you a hint about “How to take Great Landscapes”.
But what is “Landscape”?

 


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