Any Difference?


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3.『メテオロスケープ』は世界を再発見する。

 

『メテオロスケープ』をもっと知りたくなった方、風景写真の撮りかたがまったく分からなくなってきた方、こんにちは。ここからはもう少し詳しく、風景写真の分類についてみていきたいと思います。まず「風景写真には2通りある。」という話を振り返ります。

ひとつは、その土地の表層をできるだけ精細に、写実的に伝える風景写真。ランドマークを被写体にするので、そのアイコンがなにを意味するか分かる人には、一目でその土地だと分かります。ランドスケープ。

もうひとつが、その土地の様相を浮かびあがらせるため、抽象的に描く風景写真。ランドマークを外して写すので、キャプションがなければどこを表しているのか分かりません。『メテオロスケープ』です。

 

さて、僕がこの違いに気づき始めたキッカケは大学の卒業制作でした。

このご時世に留学にでていたのですが、話の流れで卒業制作をすることになったんですね。そこで卒業の証として、過去と現在の写真を対比するという…まあ、よくある発想の写真を撮ることにしました。英語で大変だったので、ちょっとだけ手抜きです。

なんだ、という方もいらっしゃるかも知れません。ですが、その中で意図していなかった違和感があったんです。上の画像をスライドしていただくとその2種類を見比べていただけるんですが、いかがですか?

 

同じシリーズとしてだすには、違和感を感じますよね!

その違和感の正体は、過去から現在まで一貫して変化のないランドマークを撮っている写真と、時代の変遷を明らかに再発見できるストリートの写真では、ニュアンスの違いがあったっていうことなんですよ!

 

…うーん、今いちピンときませんか?ではもうちょっと巨視的にみてみます。

 

そもそも「風景写真」とは、開拓者達がその土地の特徴を本国に伝えるという用途から成立していったものです。つまりその土地のアイコンであるランドマークを撮る、ランドスケープ・フォトグラフィーが主だったわけです。しかし時代がすすむにつれて、徐々にそのランドマークは有名になり、開拓されていきます。そうするとどうなるか?

 

ああ、あそこね。知ってる知ってる…となります。

 

なのでこれはもう宿命ですよね。ランドスケープは代を重ねるごとに、人物写真の背景に収まるようになるか、商品写真として魅力を引きだす物になっていきます。家族の記念写真とか、観光のパンフレット。悪くはないんですが、それは「風景を主題とした写真」とは外れていくのです。

そんな喧騒を離れた一角に、モネやルノワールの風景画なんかで表現されている、風景の「趣味」というものがあります。それを写真で表現したいという人達も、洋の東西を問わずたくさんいます。そういった風景写真はフォトグラファーの「趣味」を優先するので、被写体にランドマークがあまりでてきません。ですがそのフォトグラファーが見つけた、僕たちが今まで気づいていなかった世界を見せてくれます。

 

そうです。ここでは便宜上『メテオロスケープ』という名前をつけて分かりやすくしましたが、このジャンル自体は、ご存知ポピュラーというのが実際のところです。ただ改めて、僕が好きだったのはこのジャンルだったんだな、と得心したというわけです。

 

まとめると、風景写真には2通りある。ひとつは、開拓者達がおこなう記録とレポートであるランドスケープ。対して、フォトグラファー達が世界の再発見を紹介するもの、それが『メテオロスケープ』です。

『メテオロスケープ』、どうでしょう?

 


 

3. Meteoroscape re-discovers the World.

 

Good day, to the people who are keen to learn “Meteoroscape” thing much more. Hey bro, to the people who’re getting hard to sense “How to take Great Landscape Photographs”. We are nearly there! Let’s begin with reconsidering the last topic, “There are 2 types of Scenery Photography.” more carefully.

There are 2 types of Scenery Photography. What is 2?

One is the realistic Landscape Photography which shows land’s surface details as much as possible. Objects for this photography are landmarks, therefore everyone who knows them notices where the photographs are taken.

Two is the abstract Meteoroscape Photography which recalls aspects of the scene ever transforming. So everyone cannot know exact locations unless they are captioned.

 

Listen. The beginning of this story goes back to the time when I, the author of this article, made a college graduation work…

I was an oversea’s student. Graduation work had to be made consequently. So, I decided to squeeze out a looking-easy “Rephotography” work as a proof of graduation, which may not have been the brightest idea. It was because long long essay examinations in English (!) were also required along with it. I was too busy to complete them up.

However, feeling wrong suddenly sticked me during the production of that looking-easy “Rephotography”. What was this? You can have the same experience by sliding photos presented upwards of this page.

 

What do you think? This is the very difference between pics whose objects are landmarks and pics non-landmarks.

Landmark photographs are to show the continuity of the area from the past to the present more than to expose the transformation along generations. Non-landmark photographs are vice versa. Inadequate it was that I made these contaminate and displayed.

 

hnnn…Don’t you see it? OK. Let’s get it on to see them over a macroscopic view, then.

 

Well, the beginning of the story of the Scenery Photography in history goes back to the time when pioneers reported any findings to their home countries…

Pioneers were oversea’s employee from agencies. Reports had to be created consequently. So, they decided to squeeze out “Landscape Photography” works as a proof of “be there” thing, which might have been the brightest idea.

It was because creating a map to live long (!) in foreign countries was required along with it for sure. Capturing landmarks were essential things to do actually.

This means that the majority of the Scenery Photography should have been occupied by photographs whose objects are landmarks. However, alongside the time goes by and by, landmarks became more popular and more well-known. What was happened to the next?

 

“All right, I knew that place.”

This is it!

 

It’s the fate.

The well-known objects of Landscape Photography gradually turn into background images for Characters or Product images for consumers. It would hardly achieve that a picture of Acropolis is recognized as Great Landscape Photography now. Instead, it would be understood as a filling image of the Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Greek-axy. Well, a filling image of guidebook is not bad at all, though it’s just out of the line under the ‘Scenery Photography’, which handles the affairs of scenes (It’s not intended to be “Product”).

How about thinking outside of the box? There are many painters and photographers in the east and the west who possess the tendency in capturing the affairs of scenes. Decisive moments. They take such priority over the affair that their objects are showed up off the landmarks.

On top of that, they show us the re-discovery of the world, like something we’ve never noticed but only a photographer him/herself found out from “nowhere”.

 

That’s it!

Although we named it “Meteoroscape” here as a matter of convenience, this janre of photography is already popular without a doubt. As a matter of fact, an English pioneer left bunch of landmark photos at a suburban town of England, while an unnamed photographer yielded forgotten moment photos until a curious Japanese man picked them up.

 

All in all, we’d like to say there are 2 types of Scenery Photography.

One is the Landscape Photography which equals the records and reports made by pioneers. Two is the photography that introduces re-discoveries found by photographers, which we call “Meteoroscape”.

Then, why not try finding your “Meteoroscape”? This is what we suggest you all.

 

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